Years ago, Illinois divorce and paternity Judges followed basically the teachings of psychiatrist Sigmund Freud. This Freudian view of Illinois child custody cases has been a part of Illinois child custody law for many years. So it became that Mothers were granted custody over Fathers which went along with the traditional belief that Mothers were better caregivers and innately more able to care for children especially young children.
Illinois Custody Judges would typically grant custody to the Mother of a child age one through seven. A custody Judge would listen to the views of a child 7 to 13 as to whether Mother or father received custody. An Illinois custody Judge would generally give custody to the Mother or Father if the child was ages 13 through 18 invoiced a very strong opinion about living with that parent. At those ages the wishes of the child were held to be strongly persuasive and strongly influenced custody. Divorce lawyers of that era would say with respect to an older child who felt strongly about living with one parent or the other, "you can't beat the testimony of the child!”
Although in all of these age groups Mothers were favored over Fathers based upon the belief that Mothers would naturally do better at parenting a child. Frequently, Fathers would be granted so-called standard visitation including alternating weekends and one or two evenings a week with their child as an acceptable visitation schedule.